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Viv Richards, arguably the greatest batsman cricket has ever seen, was born and Sunil Gavaskar made his Test debut against ...

Monday, March 02, 2022

First Week of March

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In 1898 Joe Darling hit the fastest Australian century (91 minutes) against England at Sydney. He scored 160 in 175 minutes, an innings that included 30 fours. Australia won the Test by six wickets.
In 1936 Don Bradman scored 369 for South Australia against Tasmania in just over four hours, including 46 fours and four sixes. This was his sixth and last triple century in first-class cricket, another record which still stands. South Australia won by an innings and 349 runs. 
In 1974 a monumental display of batsmanship from Greg Chappell at Wellington. He scored a Test-best 247 not out and followed this up with 133 in the second innings. His aggregate of 380 runs was a record for a Test, before Graham Gooch topped it in 1990 with 456 against India. In the first innings Chappell added 264 for the third wicket with his brother Ian, who made 145. In the second innings Ian made 121 and provided the first instance of two brothers both scoring a hundred in each innings of a Test match and only the second instance in a first-class match, the first being R.E. and W.L. Foster for Worcestershire in 1899.
In 1984 wicket-keeper Anil Dalpat became the first Hindu to play for Pakistan when he played in the first Test against England at Karachi. It was also Ramiz Raja’s debut and his taking the field with his brother Wasim meant that this was the second set of brothers after the four Mohammad brothers to appear for Pakistan. Pakistan’s three-wicket victory was the first occasion when Pakistan beat England at Home. On the same day Australia played the West Indies at Georgetown, Guyana. This match is important because it was the first Test in the West Indies to debit no-balls and wides to the bowler’s analyses. 
In 1997 Greg Blewett (214) and Steve Waugh (160) became the tenth pair to bat throughout an entire day’s play on the third day of the Test at the Wanderers, Johannesburg. South Africa went on to lose the match, and the series. 
In 1998 Pakistan’s first victory over South Africa, at the sixth attempt, came on this day at Durban. They won by 29 runs, thanks to Azhar Mahmood (132) and Mushtaq Ahmed who took nine wickets.
In 1999 some 101 minutes after coming to the crease at Auckland, Geoff Allot fell to Jacques kallis – for 0. It is the longest duck in Test history and though New Zealand still had to follow on, Allott’s innings ensured that South Africa did not have time to bowl the Kiwi’s out a second time. 
In 2003 Andy Bichel of Australia completed the third best bowling figures in ODI history when he took 7 for 20 in a World Cup match against England at Port Elizabeth. It was also the best World Cup performance against Test-level opposition.
In 2006 Muttiah Muralitharan became first to take 1,000 wickets in all international cricket.

Born on this day were:

Frank Mann (1888-1964), English batsman and captain who played five Test (all as captain in South Africa in 1922-23) and who was the older link in the first father-son combination to captain England (His son George also did so – a record that Colin and Chris Cowdrey equalled in 1988);
M.L. Jaisimha (1939-1999), Indian batsman who was the first player to bat on all five days of a Test match (Ravi Shastri is the other Indian player to achieve this feat);
William H. ‘Bill’ Frindall (1939-2009), pre-eminent English statistician who apart from compiling and editing numerous books on cricket records is also credited with introducing the concept of measuring a batsman’s speed of scoring in terms of balls faced rather than in terms of minutes at the crease:
John Fulton Reid (1956-), New Zealand batsman of the 1970s and 80s who played in 19 Tests, scoring six centuries;
Inzamam-ul-Haq (1970-), Pakistani batsman and captain. 
In 1896 George Lohmann of England took 9 for 28 against South Africa at Johnnesburg, the third Best Test haul in one innings after Jim Laker’s 10 for 53 in 1956 and Kumble’s 10 for 74 in 1999.
He was the first to take nine wickets in a Test innings and England won by an innings. England’s Audley Miller – who had played in the previous Test, umpired the match. 
In 1914 England completed a 4-0 series win over South Africa with an easy ten-wicket victory in the fifth Test, at St George’s Park, Port Elizabeth. This turned out to be the last Test for almost seven years, as five months later, World War I broke out. The next Test was when England met Australia at Melbourne on 12 December 1920. 
In 1934 Bob Crisp (Western Province) took four wickets in four balls against Natal at Durban. Two years earlier he had achieved the same feat against Griqualand West at Johnnesburg. He thus became the first man in first-class history to take four wickets in four balls twice. 
In 1936 Clarrie Grimmett bowled Australia to an innings victory over South Africa at Durban with his third successive ten-wicket haul, a record that was broken by Muttiah Muralitharan. This was his last Test as he was then dropped for being too old: his age (44) matched the number of wickets he took in his final series. On the same day and in the same match Australian Vic Richardson became the first fielder to take five catches in an innings. (He was the grandfather of the Chappell brothers.) 
In 1939 the timeless Test match began between South Africa and England at Durban. It continued until 14 March when the tourists’ boat sailed for London. The longest Test of all was still unresolved, as England had to leave to begin a two-day rail journey back to their ship in Cape Town. There were 1,981 runs – a Test record – six centuries and two rest days. At the end England were 654 for 5, then the highest fourth-innings score in first-class cricket, just 42 short of victory. 
In 1946 Holkar made what was then a record 912 for 8 declared against Mysore at Indore in a Ranji Trophy match. K.V. Bhandarkar, Chandu Sarwate, M.M. Jagdale, C.K. nayudu, B.B. Nimbalkar and R. Pratap Singh all made centuries. It was the first 900-plus score in a first-class innings in India. 
In 1978 Desmond Haynes made his debut against Australia at Trinidad. He scored 61 in a match which the West Indies won by an innings and 106 runs. It was the start of Test cricket’s most successful opening partnership (with Gordon Greenidge) and they opened in more than 100 Test innings. 
In 2003 South Africa tied with Sri Lanka in a World Cup match at Durban. This was the second tie in a World Cup and on both occasions South Africa was the team to be eliminated from the tournament. This particular tie involved confusion over the number of runs required to win as opposed to draw level. Requiring 230 from 45 overs (under the Duckworth-Lewis method) the Proteas thought that 229 was the victory target when it was actually good enough only to draw level. On 6 March 2022 a newspaper cartoon in the Afrikaans newspaper Beeld depicted a grave with a batsman’s helmet perched on top. The gravestone read: ‘Here lie the Proteas. In life they played badly and counted badly. Relieved from their long World Cup suffering on Monday March 3, 2003.’ 
Former Australia middle-order batsman Norm O'Neill died at the age of 71 in 2008. He scored 2779 runs from 42 Tests at 45.55 

Born on this day were:
Graham Dowling (1937-), New Zealand batsman and captain whose 239 against India at Christchurch was the highest score by a New Zealand at the time (He later became an ICC match referee);
Daryll Cullinan (1967-), South African batsman who holds the record for becoming the youngest South African (at 16) to make a first-class hundred and the highest South African first-class score (and also shared the record, with Gary Kirsten, for the highest individual Test score by a South African for a while). 
In 1931 West Indian pacer Herman Griffith, inflicted the first duck of Don Bradman’s Test career at Sydney. Griffith bowled Bradman to help West Indies – who had lost three matches by an innings and another by ten wickets in their inaugural series against Australia – to a surprise 30-run victory, their first against Australia. 
In 1963 Alan ‘AC’ Smith added an unbroken 163 for the ninth wicket, in just 161 minutes, with Colin Cowdrey against the Kiwis at Wellington. It was a Test record at the time, and remains an English record. Smith made 69, Cowdrey 128, and England went 2-0 up in the series recording their second win by the margin of an innings. 
In 1977 Colin Croft, produced the remarkable figures of 8 for 29 against Pakistan in Trinidad. These are the best figures by a West Indian bowler against Pakistan, and were the best by any genuinely fast bowler, until Devon Malcolm demolished South Africa with 9 for 57 at The Oval in 1994. 
In 1986 Allan Border (140 and 114 not out) became the second Australian batsman after Greg Chappell to score hundreds in both innings of a Test on two occasions. He reached 6,000 runs in Test when he reached 78 in his first innings becoming the fourth Australian after Bradman, Harvey and Greg Chappell to reach this milestone. 
India and Pakistan’s first World Cup encounter! In 1992 India and Pakistan played each other for the very first time in the World Cup at Sydney – 17 years after its inception. India won by 43 runs and has so far never lost Pakistan in the World Cup. 
In 2005 South Africa dismissed Zimbabwe for 54 in Cape Town Test on way to two-day win.  
In 2006 Alastair Cook made century on Test debut for England. 
In 2008 Praveen Kumar took 4 for 46 and Sachin Tendulkar scored 91, helping India win the CB Series by beating Australia in the second final, in Brisbane. The match was Adam Glichrist's last international appearance, who finished with 9619 runs and 472 dismissals in 287 ODIs.  

Born on this day were:
Shrirang Wasudev Sohoni (1918-93), Indian all-rounder who played four Tests for India and played domestic cricket for Maharashtra, Baroda and Bombay (He was a handsome man and ‘Ranga’ was once offered a role in films by noted film director V. Shantaram);
Nazar Mohammad (1921-96), Pakistan’s first Test centurion (124 in the second Test against India at Lucknow) who played all his five Tests in Pakistan’s inaugural series against India in 1952-53 (He became the first man to be on the field throughout an entire Test match and was Test cricketer Mudassar Nazar’s father);
Rodney Hogg (1951-), Australian pace bowler who took 41 wickets in the series against England in 1978-79 bagging five five-wickets hauls in his first three Tests;
Eddo Brandes (1963-), Zimbabwe seamer who bagged a famous ODI hat-trick at Harare in 1996-97 and who is a chicken farmer by profession;
Derek Crookes (1969-), South African all-rounder. 
In 1949 Don Bradman played his last innings in first-class cricket, in a Sheffield Shield match at Adelaide. He scored 30 for South Australia against Victoria and did not bat in the second innings due to injury. 
In 1965 Graham Vivian of New Zealand made his first-class debut in the second Test against India at Calcutta. The other debutante in the side Bruce Taylor scored 105 and took 5 for 86 to become the first and only player to score a century and take five wickets on debut. 
In 1971 Mike Procter scored his sixth consecutive first-class century for Rhodesia against Western Province at Salisbury. It equalled the record held by C.B. Fry and Don Bradman.  
In 1992 Mike Pringle of South Africa took 4 for 11 from eight overs against West Indies in a World Cup match at Christchurch. He claimed four wickets in only 11 balls without conceding a run. The Proteas won easily by 64 runs with West Indies being shot for 136, their lowest total in the World Cup at the time. 
In 2004 Pakistan beat West Indies to win Under-19 World Cup. 

Born on this day were:
Rt. Revd. Lord David Sheppard (1929-2005), the first ordained minister to play Test cricket (22 Tests with two centuries) and who was later president of Sussex in 2001 (he was Bishop of Woolwich and then Liverpool);
Peter Roebuck (1956-), Somerset opening batsman who is now a cricket writer;
Mornantau ‘Nantie’ Hayward (1977-), South African pace bowler. 
In 1878 Surrey player Julius Caesar died shortly before his 48th birthday. Julius was a member of the first team from the British Isles to tour overseas – George Parr’s team to North America. It is generally believed that the Staffordshire pottery figures of cricketers c. 1855 represent Julius Caesar and George Parr. 
In 1895 Englishman J.T. Brown hit 140 against Australia in the fifth Test at Melbourne. It was noteworthy insofar that he scored his fifty in only 28 minutes – the fastest fifty in Tests till date. His hundred took 95 minutes. 
In 1971 Sunil Gavaskar made his Test debut against the West Indies at Port of Spain. He scored 65 and 67 not out in this match and finished his debut series with an astounding 774 runs at an average of 154. 
In 1981 Chetan Chauhan became the first Test player to score 2,000 Test runs (during his innings of 78) without scoring a century in the second Test against New Zealand at Christchurch. In the same match Richard Hadlee became the first Kiwi player to reach 150 Test wickets.
In 1983 Sri Lanka’s Sidath Wettimuny and his brother Mithra opened the innings against New Zealand at Christchurch, equaling W.G. Grace and E.M. Grace (1880) and Hanif and Sadiq Mohammad (1969). Sidath Wettimuny (63) became the first to carry his bat through a completed innings for Sri Lanka. 
In 1996 Sri Lanka made the highest ODI score ever, 398 for 7, against Kenya in a World Cup match at Kandy. The opening stand of 83 between Sanath Jayasuriya and Romesh Kaluwitharana came in only 6.3 overs. (It was stands such as these, which led to the coining of the phrase ‘J&K effect’. Nothing to do with Jammu & Kashmir but just as explosive.) There were 14 sixes and 43 fours. Aravinda de Silva made 145. 
In 1999 Wasim Akram became the first bowler from the subcontinent to take a Test hat-trick when he dismissed M.R.C.N. Bandaratilleke, G.P. Wickramasinghe and K.S.C. de Silva off consecutive deliveries in the third match of the Asian Test Championship against Sri Lanka at Lahore. He got one more and Wasim is the only bowler to take two hat-tricks in both Tests and ODIs. 
In 2000 South Africa clinched a landmark victory in India, thrashing them by an innings in the second Test at Bangalore. South Africa thus became the first visiting side to win a Test series (2-0) in India for 13 years. No one could have guessed that it would be Cronje’s last Test and that within a month he would be exposed as a cheat. It was also Azharuddin’s last Test and he scored a brilliant 102 (his 22nd and last Test hundred) in the second innings. His ban for life meant that he would end his career after playing 99 Test matches. 
In 2003 the Australian Cricket Board announced that it was changing its name to Cricket Australia. It was catching: In September 2003 the Board of Control for Cricket in Sri Lanka announced that it would call itself Sri Lanka Cricket in order to separate its administrative and commercial operations and enhance profits. 

Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards’ birthday! Viv Richards, arguably the greatest attacking batsman cricket has ever seen, was born on this day in 1952. Famous for his imperious aggressiveness his records are legion: 1,710 Test run in 1976 were a record for a calendar year till 2006 when Pakistan’s Mohammad Yousuf surpassed him; the fastest Test century (56 balls); 189 not out in the Old Trafford ODI against England in 1984 which is rated as the best ODI innings by the ‘Wisden 100’; and his highest score for that county. He was also the first player to score a century (119) and take five wickets (5 for 41) in the same ODI (against New Zealand at Dunedin in 1987). To think that he started his cricketing career with a two-year suspension, for showing dissent while playing for Antigua in the Leewards Islands tournament when he was only 17. He scored 8,540 Test runs (at 50.23) and 6,721 ODI runs (at 47) and was named one of Wisden’s Five Cricketers of the Century. 
Also born on this day were:
Willie Watson (1920-), English batsman and soccer international (Watson was also a member of England’s 1950 football World Cup squad and won four soccer caps);
Nariman J. ‘Nari’ Contractor (1934-), Indian batsman and captain who was hit by a ball from Charlie Griffith in the West Indies and narrowly escaped death, an incident which ended his Test career (Contractor had started his first-class career with two centuries on debut – one of only three men to achieve this feat). 
In 1946 Southern Punjab (167 and 146) and Baroda (106 and 207) played a tied match in the second Ranji trophy semi-final at Patiala. Baroda won by the toss of a coin. 
In 1953 South African opener Jackie McGlew extended his first Test ton to a nine-hour 255 not out against New Zealand at Wellington. South Africa won by an innings and McGlew became only the second person, after Pakistan’s Nazar Mohammad, to be on the field throughout a Test match. 
In 1959 Fazal Mahmood’s 6 for 34 in the first innings bowled West Indies out for 76 in the second Test at Dhaka against Pakistan. There were six ducks in all with Ramadhin not out on 0. Pakistan won the next day by 41 runs with Fazal Mahmood taking 6 for 66 in the second innings. 
The day Dennis Lillee was caught by Dennis Lillee. This happened in 1981 in a Sheffield Shield match at Perth when Dennis Keith Lillee playing for Western Australia was out caught by Queensland’s 12th man, Dennis John Lillee. Dennis John Lillee was a leg-spinner with a first-class bowling average of 51. The scorecard read: D.K. Lillee c sub (D.J. Lillee) b G.S. Chappell 11. 
In 1987 Sunil Gavaskar hit his 10,000th run (when he reached 58) in an innings of 63 in the penultimate Test against Pakistan at Ahmedabad becoming the first batsman to reach this landmark. This was his 212th innings, in his 124th Test. 
In 1999 Wajahatullah Wasti, made 133 and 121 (not out), in the Asian Test Championship match against Sri Lanka at Lahore, becoming the third Pakistan batsman to make a century in each innings of a Test after Hanif Mohammad and Javed Miandad. 
In 2002 Sri Lankan wicket-keeper Kumar Sangakarra made 230 against Pakistan in the final of the Asian Test Championship at Lahore – at the time the second highest score by any wicket-keeper after Andy Flower’s 232 not out against India in 2000-01. His double hundred was the third such score by a wicket-keeper in 16 months; the previous three took 123 years of Test cricket. On the same day Zimbabwe beat India by one wicket with two balls to spare in a ODI at Faridabad. It was all thanks to Douglas Marillier employing what was later called the ‘Mariller Flip’ in which he stepped across to flip the ball to the fine-leg fence. Coming out to bat when Zimbabwe needed 65 from 34 balls, his 56 runs in only 24 balls fashioned an improbable victory.
In 2003 Aravinda de Silva became the fifth batsman (after Miandad, Richards, Mark Waugh and Tendulkar) to score 1,000 World Cup runs when he hit 92 off only 94 balls against Australia at Centurion. In the same match Adam Gilchrist became the first man in World Cup history to be dismissed for 99. 
In 2004 The Waugh twins retired from first-class cricket. 

Born on this day were:
Neil Adcock (1931-), South African fast bowler who was the first to take 100 Test wickets for his country;
Philippe Henri ‘Phil’ Edmonds (1951-), English left-arm spinner who played in 41 Tests taking 106 wickets (His wife Frances also made her name as a writer and broadcaster);
Gursharan Singh (1963-), Indian batsman who made his ODI debut against Australia at Hamilton on his 27th birthday in what was to be his only ODI;
Douglas Hondo (1982-) Zimbabwean medium fast bowler;
Ross Tayler (1983-) New Zealand batsman. 
In 1904 Australian Hugh Trumble took a hat-trick in his final Test match at Melbourne against England. He was the first man to take two Test hat-tricks (both at his home ground in Melbourne), a feat equalled only by T.J. Matthews of Australia and Wasim Akram of Pakistan. 
In 1928 Jack Hobbs scored 142 on the first day of the fifth Test between England and Australia at Melbourne. At 46 years and 82 days he became the oldest man to score a Test hundred, a record which is unlikely ever to be broken. England lost the match by five wickets but won the series 4-1. Hobbs scored 451 runs at an average of 50.11 in the series. 
In 1945 Bombay beat Holkar in the Ranji Trophy final at Bombay by 374 runs. The match is famous for C.S. Nayudu bowling a world record 152.5 overs in the match giving away a record 428 runs. (His bowling analyses were: 64.5-10-153-6 in the first innings and 88-15-275-5 in the second innings.) 
In 1992 Inzamam-ul-Haq was run out by Jonty Rhodes in a World Cup group match against South Africa at Brisbane. It was a spectacular flying run out from point as Rhodes dived full-length with ball in hand to shatter the stumps. Pakistan lost the match by 20 runs. This is one of the most famous photographs in ODI cricket and was reproduced on billboards and posters throughout South Africa. 
In 1992 West Indian legend Malcolm Marshall played the last match of his international career – against New Zealand at Auckland in the World Cup. He scored five and did not take a wicket. The kiwis won it comfortably, thanks to Mark Greatbatch’s whirlwind 63. 
In 1999 West Indies recorded what was at the time their lowest Test score of 51 against Australia at Trinidad. Between 1963 and 1969, West Indies were only once bowled out in double figures; this was the first of five times it happened in 18 months, including twice against England at Lord’s and Headingley in 2000. 
In 2002 Australia’s second Test match against South Africa at Cape Town was Shane Warne’s 100th Test. He flew 16 friends and relatives to Cape Town for the occasion. He took eight wickets in the match including 6 for 161 in the second innings to become the first player to take a five wicket haul in his 100th Test. He also shone with the bat making 75 runs and was declared as the Man of the Match. During this match he also became only the fourth player to complete the double of 2,000 runs and 400 wickets. Graeme Smith the current South African captain made his debut in this Test. 
In 2005 India and Pakistan begin their first Test series in India for six years. 

In 2008 Ryan Sidebottom took a hat-trick against New Zealand for England in Hamilton – 37th in Test cricket and 11th by an Englishman.